Licensure - Childhood and Early Childhood Education

This information is provided in good faith to applicants as of June 23, 2020.

Fordham University's Childhood Education/Early Childhood Education track leads to a Master of Science in Teaching. The designed outcome is to prepare students to apply for an Initial Certificate in Early Childhood Education (birth - grade 2) and Childhood Education (grades 1 - 6) within New York.

Programs that lead to dually appointed credentials in one state may not lead to the same two credentials being honored in another state’s jurisdiction. Additionally, states may recognize different grade ranges for a particular subject area. If students have obtained a New York license, students should be aware of any grade range discrepancies between the license they hold and the out of state license they are pursuing. Students should do their own due diligence and determine the appropriate pathway and license type for themselves.

The table below provides a state by state breakdown of comparable licenses, including a determination of eligibility for licensure. This information provided is designed as a baseline determination of whether the program meets individual state specific requirements. Other licenses may be more applicable and/or require additional standards. Licensure requirements and appropriate pathways are subject to change and may differ based on individual student backgrounds, including coursework taken outside the scope of the program.

Alabama

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Class A or Class B Professional Educator Certificate:
Elementary (K-6), Early Childhood (pre-school - grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited senior institution with a state-approved program

Examination(s):

  1. Alabama Basic Skills Assessment: Praxis Core Academic Skills II
  2. Pedagogical Assessment: Educative Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA)
  3. Content Knowledge Assessment: Praxis Subject Assessment II

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: 30 or more semester hours of graduate credit not used for prior-level certification

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement as well as 12 semester credits of full time student teaching.

State Regulation:

Alabama State Board of Education Administrative Code

State Board:

Alabama State Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Application by reciprocity required and additional teaching fields may be added via reciprocity agreement. It is possible that one of the content areas students are prepared for will not be considered an "in-field, supplemental, or endorsement contingent on holding other certificates" and may prove difficult to add grade range as an endorsement.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Alabama offers comparable, in-state certification based on the areas listed on the out of state certification. After an applicant has earned an Alabama Professional Educator Certificate, they may add additional teaching fields through the Certification Based on Testing Approach.

Alabama - Out of State Certificate FAQs

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: Alabama requires out of state prepared educators to obtain the university's home state license prior to applying for licensure in Alabama via reciprocity

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Alaska

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Initial or Initial Out-of-State License:
Elementary (K-8), Early Childhood Education

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)
  2. State-approved teacher preparation program

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Competency Exam
  2. Applicable Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. 3 Semester Hours Approved Alaska Studies Coursework
  2. 3 Semester Hours Approved Alaska multicultural coursework

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement.

State Regulation:

Alaska - Education and Early Development

State Board:

Alaska Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Endorsements on an applicant's out of state license will be reflected on the Alaska license, however, if an individual holds multiple endorsements, applicants must choose only one endorsement to add to the license. Applicants educated out of state must apply directly for an Alaska teaching license, but they must first hold an out of state certificate to be eligible.

Alaska - Endorsement Information

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Alaska - Available Endorsements

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Arizona

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Standard License:
Elementary (K-8), Early Childhood Education (birth-K) Specialty

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. Teacher preparation program in elementary, middle, or secondary education from a state or Board-approved educator preparation program
  2. from an accredited institution offering similar training.

Examination(s):

  1. Professional Knowledge Exam: National Evaluation Series (NES)/ Arizona Educator Proficiency Assessments (AEPA), comparable Out-of-State exam, or National Board Certification Test (NBCT)
  2. Subject Knowledge Exam: NES/AEPA for the appropriate subject

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Arizona - Early Childhood Education

Arizona - Elementary Education

Field Experience Requirements: Eight semester hours of practicum in grades 1-8 or 6-12

State Regulation:

Arizona Administrative Code

State Board:

Arizona Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The grade range for Arizona's early childhood credential may differ from what an applicant may receive from New York state.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: A passing score on a similar, out of state subject knowledge exam will suffice to test into certain approved endorsement areas. Testing into an approved endorsement area is possible even if an applicant lacks an out of state credential.

Arizona - Application for Certification

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity or Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Arizona - Available Endorsement Areas

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Arkansas

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Provisional License:
Elementary (K-6), Early Childhood Education (Birth-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Program of teacher education at a national, regional, or Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) accredited Institute of Higher Education

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Assessment
  2. Praxis II Exam
  3. Foundations of Reading Test (K-8 & SPED only)

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. 30+ credit hours not used for prior level certification
  2. 3 credits Arkansas History

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement

State Regulation:

Arkansas Department of Education Rules Governing Educator Licensure

State Board:

Arkansas State Board of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Arkansas requires applicants to be licensed in the university's home state to be eligible for a license via reciprocity. Special Education cannot be added to an Arkansas license via testing alone. Instead, the candidate must provide documentation of the successful completion of all coursework needed for adding that area of licensure.

Arkansas - Adding to a License

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Arkansas - Levels and Areas of Licensure

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California

What is Issued: Credential

Name of Credential: Preliminary Multiple Subjects Teaching Credential:
Child Development Teacher Permit +
Elementary Classrooms (K-6)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally-accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Examination
  2. Subject Matter Competency Exam

Certification(s): Earn an authorization to teach English learners

Curriculum Requirements:

Multi-Subject Teaching Credential Requirements for Teachers prepared in California

California - Childhood Development Permit Requirements

Field Experience Requirements:

California Code of Regulations: § 80033. Intern Teaching Credentials.

State Regulation:

California Code of Regulations: Title 5. Education- Division 8. Commission on Teacher Credentialing

State Board:

California Commission on Teaching Credential

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Reciprocity required; Candidates seeking California licensure must hold a professional-level credential from another state or US territory to qualify for a California teaching certification. For dual-certified teachers, a pathway exists for applicants who are National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) certified in Early Childhood (age 3-8) and Middle Childhood (age 7-12). The grade ranges may not be comparable.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants who hold a basic general education teaching credential may obtain an additional credential (either multiple or single subject) when all listed requirements are completed.
California - Adding a Teaching or Content Area to Multiple and Single Subject Credentials

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: Reciprocity required; Candidates educated outside of California seeking California licensure must hold a professional-level credential from another state or US territory to qualify

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Colorado

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Elementary (K-6), Early Childhood Education (age 0-8)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally-accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Colorado Department of Education-accepted exams or Praxis exams
  2. Content Area Exams
  3. Colorado State Board of Education-approved elementary education content exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Demonstrated professional competencies in the target subject area - 24 credit hours

Field Experience Requirements: Student teaching, practicum, internship required. The state may accept requirements as set by the institution

State Regulation:

Code of Colorado Regulations: Department of Education

State Board:

Colorado Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Colorado will confirm the grades or age levels that an applicant is prepared to teach with an applicant's home state. They will then look at the coursework taken to see what most closely aligns with Colorado Coursework standards. It appears that there is a possibility of the two teaching areas being honored, however, the state does not provide definitive guidance.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Colorado accepts out of state licenses, but to apply via reciprocity, a candidate must also be able to demonstrate three years of teaching experience. If an applicant does not have three years of teaching experience, the candidate must apply directly, and Colorado will be required to evaluate the candidate's application for the content area of preparation as stated on the approved program verification form. To add an endorsement, applicants must meet competency requirements by demonstrating one of the of the following:

  1. Completing an approved program at a regionally accredited institution of higher education which leads to licensure in that state
  2. Completing minimum 24 semester hours of specific college coursework
  3. Passing the appropriate Colorado State Board of Education-approved content exam. A transcript review will be necessary to ensure the applicant is qualified.

Colorado - Endorsement Requirements

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Colorado - Endorsement Requirements (chart)

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Connecticut

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Interim, Provisional, or Initial License:
Elementary (1-6), Early Childhood Education, grades K-2

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. Regionally-accredited institution
  2. Connecticut higher education institution accredited by the Board of Governors

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Assessment
  2. Praxis II Elementary Exam
  3. Pearson Connecticut Foundations of Reading Test

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Connecticut - Section 10-145d-429

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 6, but no more than 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Regulations of the Connecticut State Board of Education

State Board:

Connecticut State Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Connecticut has an established pathway for applicants to add an endorsement, but has not specified the method by which an applicant may need to add that endorsement. It appears an applicant may need to get a credential for Early Childhood first, and then add the Elementary portion as an endorsement later, but the state does not provide definitive guidance.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: A person who holds an active Connecticut Initial Educator, Provisional Educator, or Professional Educator certificate may apply for an additional endorsement (cross-endorsement) to such certificate, provided that all of the required coursework and successful results of the appropriate subject areas tests have been met. There is space on the General Application for Certificate to request additional endorsements to be added to the certificate.

Connecticut - Cross-Endorsements and Adding Endorsements

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Guide to Assessments for Educator Certification in Connecticut (lists endorsements)

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Delaware

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Tier One Initial License:
Elementary (K-6), Early Childhood Education, N-3

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) accredited program
  2. state-approved education preparation program

Examination(s): Content Knowledge Exams, such as Praxis II

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. 15 credit hours in target subject area
  2. Minimum 6 credit hours out of those 15 related to pedagogy

Field Experience Requirements: Clinical Experience: 400 hours of supervised clinical experience, with at least 300 hours are directed instructional student teaching.

State Regulation:

State of Delaware Education Professional Standards

State Board:

Delaware Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Delaware stipulates that educators may have only one license, but may be certified in multiple content areas. Applicants must meet all certification requirements for both content areas. The state does not provide definitive guidance.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: An educator will hold only one license, but can be certified in multiple content areas. Educators seeking Special Education certification are required to also hold a teaching content area certification. There is no fee to apply for additional certifications, however, applicants must meet all certification requirements. New applicants may apply for additional certifications at any time during the application review process.

Delaware - Apply for an Additional Certification

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Title 14: Education (List of Delaware's Standard Certificates)

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District of Columbia

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Initial Teacher Credential or
Standard Teacher Credential:
Early Childhood Education (preK-grade 3)
Elementary Education (grades 1-6)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. Office of the State Superintendent (OSSE) approved teacher licensure program
  2. teacher licensure program approved in another state accepted by OSSE

Examination(s):

  1. Praxis Core, Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) or other accepted alternate basic skills exam
  2. Praxis II subject content exam in the area of the credential

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

District of Columbia - Early Childhood Education Requirements

District of Columbia - Elementary Education Requirements

Field Experience Requirements: The State defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation:

District of Columbia - Title 5, Chapter A16: Credentials for Teachers and School Administrators

State Board:

District of Columbia - DC Office of the State Superintendent of Education (OSSE)

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: District of Columbia does not provide definitive guidance as to whether it is possible to add a grade range to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: An applicant may be required to submit comparable exam scores. Individuals may add teaching endorsement certifications if they currently hold a District of Columbia standard teaching credential in another subject area that is not due to expire within 60 days of the application for the added endorsement.

District of Columbia - Adding Teacher Endorsement Credential

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

District of Columbia - License Requirements (List of DC's available license areas)

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Florida

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Temporary License:
Elementary (K-6)
PreK/Primary Education (age 3 - grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. State-approved teacher preparation program
  2. Out of state accredited, approved institution

Examination(s):

  1. General Knowledge Test
  2. Florida Teacher Certification Examinations (FTCE)
  3. Florida Educational Leadership Examination (FELE)

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Florida - Specialization Requirements for PreK/Primary Education (age 3 - grade 3) - Academic Class

Specialization Requirements for Elementary Education (grades K-6) - Academic Class

Florida - Specialization Requirements for PreK/Primary Education (age 3 - grade 3) - Academic Class

Specialization Requirements for Elementary Education (grades K-6) - Academic Class

Specialization Requirements for Elementary Education (grades K-6) - Academic Class

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement.

State Regulation:

Florida - Requirements for Certification in Elementary Education: 6A-4.0151

State Board:

Florida Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: While the pathway to adding a subject area or endorsement exists, the state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether an individual can add an additional grade range to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Educators who hold a currently valid Florida Temporary or Professional Certificate may be eligible to add another subject coverage or endorsement. At a minimum, the educator must submit a complete application package, and satisfy the subject specialization requirements to qualify for the addition. Florida defines endorsements as "a rider" on a Florida certificate with a full subject coverage and denotes a particular expertise in an instructional level or methodology; cannot stand alone on a certificate.

Florida - Certificate Additions

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Florida - Certificate Subjects

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Georgia

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Induction: Initial Certification:
Elementary Education (birth-K)
Elementary Education (pK-grade 5)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. State-approved teacher preparation program or National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC),
  2. out-of-state accredited, approved institution

Examination(s):

  1. Georgia Assessments for the Certification of Educators (GACE) Content Assessment Program Admissionassessment (for applicants prepared out-of-state
  2. Content Knowledge Assessment: Praxis Subject Assessment II

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Georgia - Completion of a course in identifying and educating exceptional children

Georgia - Content Standards for Elementary Education Program

Georgia - Content Standards for Birth - K Program

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation:

Georgia Educator Certification

State Board:

Georgia Professional Standards Commission

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: If applicants hold a level 4 (master's degree level) professional or induction certificate, they may add fields to their license through the existing pathway, however, the state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether a grade range can be added to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Out of state professional certificate holders who were required to pass a content exam for their out of state certification are exempt from taking the Georgia content knowledge assessments. The requirements for adding a field to a certificate depend on the type of certificate the applicant currently holds, and the type of field (teaching, service, or leadership) they wish to add. If an applicant has completed a state-approved certification program in the requested field and all applicable Special Georgia Requirements, they should be able to add a field.

Georgia - Adding a Field or Endorsement

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Teaching Fields Offered in Georgia

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Hawaii

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Provisional or Standard License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood Education (P-K, P-3)

Accreditation Requirements: State approved teacher preparation program at a regionally or nationally accredited educator preparation institution

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Examination
  2. Subject Matter Competency Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: 30 credit hours coursework in target teaching field

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Hawaii Teacher Standards Board Reference Guide to Teacher Licensure

State Board:

Hawaii Teacher Standards Board

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: University staff presence is required in Hawaii in order for them to recognize a student's field experience.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants may add credentials by completing a state-approved certification or endorsement program in the field and by completing all applicable content assessments.

Hawaii - Add a Teaching Field

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Hawaii - License Fields

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Idaho

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Interim or Standard:
Elementary (K-8)
Early Childhood (birth - grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Educator preparation program approved by National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)/Teacher Education Accreditation Council(TEAC)/Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP)

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Examination
  2. Subject Matter Competency Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Idaho Assignment Credential Manual

Field Experience Requirements: Student Teaching: Six semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Idaho Statutes: Title 33 Education

State Board:

Idaho State Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Idaho is reciprocity friendly, and applicants should be able to add another grade level to their certificate, however, the state has not provided guidance as to the method of adding a grade range to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants can apply with or without an Out-of-State License and can include content area exam scores to obtain an additional credential. Applicants who did not complete testing can be issued an interim certificate based on their Out-of-State License or by obtaining an institutional recommendation.

Revision of an Idaho Certificate

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Idaho - Resource Files: 2019-2020 SDE Assignment Credential Manual

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Illinois

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Professional Educator License:
Elementary (K-9), Early Childhood (pK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited
institution

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Examination
  2. Subject Matter Competency Exam
  3. Teachers Performance Assessment (TPA) Assessment

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: 32 credit hours in the target endorsement area

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation: Illinois Administrative Code 25: Educator Licensure

State Board: Illinois State Board of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Once an applicant holds a Professional Educator License or an Educator License with Stipulations, endorsed in their field, an additional content area endorsement can be added within the grade range of the currently held license. Educators holding a license in Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Special, or Secondary education hold a primary endorsement grade range for preK-12 grade.

Subsequent Teaching Endorsements

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: Applicants holding a Professional Educator License or Educator License with stipulations endorsed in a teaching field can add additional content area by demonstrating completion of applicable coursework and testing for the target area

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Indiana

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood (preK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: State approved teacher preparation program at a regionally or nationally accredited educator preparation institution

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Examination
  2. Subject Matter Competency Exam

Certification(s): CPR-Heimlich Maneuver AED Certification

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. 24 Credit hours in early elementary school teaching
  2. Minimum 6 credit hours reading instruction

Field Experience Requirements: Full-time student teaching for at least 10 weeks representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation: Indiana State Board of Education Teaching Training and Licensing

State Board: Indiana Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Indiana requires an applicant to pass a content (subject matter) licensure test in every content area that will appear on the Indiana license. The state does not specifically address whether an individual can add Early Childhood Education and Elementary Education to a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Indiana requires an applicant to pass a content licensure test in every content area that will appear on the license issued. There are seven areas, one of which is Exceptional Needs, that Indiana will not issue an endorsement for if the credential was obtained by testing alone (content background required) For these areas, applicants may be eligible for a temporary reciprocal permit to teach on while fulfilling coursework requirements.

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Iowa

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Elementary (K-6)
Elementary (K-8)
PreK-grade 3 Teacher

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited college or university

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Examination
  2. Subject Matter Competency Exam (Praxis or other nationally recognized assessment)

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Iowa - Program of Study Standards

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement.

State Regulation:

Iowa Educational Examiners Board: Chapter 13- Issuance of Teacher Licenses and Endorsements

State Board:

Iowa Board of Educational Examiners

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The dual credential could be honored in Iowa, because it appears that both Early Childhood Education and Childhood Education are listed as potential endorsement areas, however the state does not provide definitive guidance.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants must hold a valid out-of-state credential. Iowa does not allow applicants to test into receiving a Special Education credential. An individual may add other endorsements to that license upon proper application, provided current requirements for that endorsement have been met.

Iowa - Add an Endorsement to a License

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Iowa - Endorsements List

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Kansas

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood Education (pre-K-grade 4)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited college or university

Examination(s):

  1. Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT)
  2. Content Area Assessments

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Minimum 8 credit hours of coursework in graduate program coursework, completed within 1 year of application

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement.

State Regulation:

Kansas Administrative Regulations: Agency 91 > Article 1 > 91-1-203

State Board:

Kansas State Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Kansas allows endorsements to be added to a valid Kansas teaching license via testing or an "approved Kansas program." Early Childhood and Elementary Education must be added "through the completion of an approved Kansas program."

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants may add a teaching endorsement by passing the appropriate content assessment. Early childhood unified, elementary education, and special education CANNOT be added by testing only.

Kansas - Endorsement Requirements

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Kansas - Endorsement Chart

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Kentucky

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Temporary Provisional License:
Elementary School (primary - grade 5)
Early Childhood Education (preK-2)

Accreditation Requirements: State approved teacher preparation program at a regionally accredited educator preparation institution

Examination(s): Academic Content Assessment in applicable Content Area

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: 30 credit hours in target content area

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Kentucky Administrative Regulations, Title 16: Education Professional Standards Board, Chapters 4-5

State Board:

Kentucky - Educational Professional Standards Board (KY)

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: State does not approve any online programs that are located outside of Kentucky to operate there.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Kentucky issued certification is generally added based upon completion of an approved certification program.

Kentucky - Highly Qualified Route to Certification in Additional Areas

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Kentucky Teaching Certificates

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Louisiana

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Out-of-State (OS), Standard, or Professional:
Elementary (1-5)
Early Childhood Education (pK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: State approved teacher preparation program at a regionally accredited educator preparation institution

Examination(s):

  1. Core Academic Skills for Educators: Pass all 3 Praxis Exams.
  2. Principles of Learning and Teaching Exams (PLT)
  3. Appropriate Content Area Exams

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Title 28:CXXXI, Bulletin 746: Louisiana Standards for State Certification of School Personnel

Field Experience Requirements: Placement of 270 hours, with 180 hours in actual teaching

State Regulation:

Louisiana Administrative Code: Title 28, Education

State Board:

Teach Louisiana (Louisiana Department of Education)

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: Additional coursework or experience may be necessary depending on the applicant's background. Louisiana issues out of state certifications if the candidate is able to provide a valid teaching credential from their home state. However, in the out of state application packet, the Eligibility for Teaching Areas section states candidates who have not taught in 5 years are required to have taken 6 credits in the specific teaching field for which they are applying. If the candidate has not taught in 5 years, they may be granted a one year non-renewable certificate while they work to complete the classes.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants are required to achieve a passing score for the appropriate Praxis exam in the area of endorsement or accumulate 30 credit hours in the specialty content area. (Level 1 Professional Certificate: applicants have completed Louisiana Praxis; Out of State Certificate: applicants have not completed Louisiana Praxis). Both certificates require that applicants hold a current, valid, out of state license.

Louisiana - Add-on and Ancillary Endorsements

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Maine

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Levels 1-5 or Conditional Endorsement License:
Elementary (K-8)
Early Childhood Education (pK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Fully accredited program, state-approved teacher education program

Examination(s):

  1. Core Academic Skills for Educators
  2. Praxis II Content Knowledge Exams

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Maine - Requirements for Early Elementary Endorsement (K-3)

Maine - Requirements for General Elementary (K-8)

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation:

Maine - Rule Chapters for the Department of Education: Ch. 115, Part II

State Board:

Maine Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: Maine defines grade ranges in a way that is different from the program, and therefore, this program may not lead to a comparable credential. Additionally, the state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether an individual can add a grade range to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential:

  1. Each endorsement area has specific requirements
  2. Conditional certificates are issued after the completion of credits in the appropriate content areas. Conditional certification through the transitional pathway is available to candidates who already hold a teaching license and have completed 9 credits of coursework towards the endorsement.

Maine - Teacher Requirements

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Maine - Teacher Requirements by Endorsement Code

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Maryland

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Standard or Conditional License:
Elementary (grades 1-6)
Early Childhood Education, preK-3

Accreditation Requirements: State approved teacher preparation program at an institution of higher education

Examination(s):

  1. Core Academic Skills for Educators
  2. Praxis II Content Knowledge Exams

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Minimum 30 hours of content coursework from an institution of higher education in target certification area

Field Experience Requirements: A supervised experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school setting at the appropriate age or grade level and in the subject area for which the applicant is seeking certification

State Regulation:

Code of Maryland Regulations: Elementary Education Certification

State Board:

Maryland State Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants pursuing licensure in Maryland will be required to take and pass the Maryland basic skills and content and pedagogy tests. Additional teaching areas may be added to a teacher's certificate by meeting one of the following requirements:

  1. Credit Count-the number of required credits in various content areas differ for Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, and Special Education
  2. Passing the Praxis Content Assessment - applicants must obtain a qualifying score on the content-specific tests required for certification.

Maryland - Adding an Endorsement

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity or Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Maryland - Educator Certification Areas

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Massachusetts

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Temporary, Provisional, or Initial License:
Elementary (grades 1-6)
Early Childhood Education PreK-2

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. State approved educator prep program in a MA/National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC) approved state; or
  2. accredited by Commissioner accepted national organization

Examination(s): Pass all Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure (MTEL) including Communication and Literacy Skills Test, Subject Specific Content Exams, and Foundations of Reading Exams

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Completion of board-approved Massachusetts or National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) accredited teacher preparation program aligned to the target licensure area

Field Experience Requirements:

Massachusetts Requirements for Field-Based Experience for the Initial License

State Regulation:

Massachusetts Educator Licensure and Preparation Program Approval Regulations

State Board:

Massachusetts Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants with a valid out of state credential may be eligible for an initial license through reciprocity. All Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure (MTEL) tests will still be required, and applicants may need to complete the Sheltered English Immersion Endorsements required for Academic PreK-12 licenses.

Massachusetts - Adding a License

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Massachusetts - Teacher Fields and Grade Levels

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Michigan

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Standard or Interim License:
Elementary, All Subjects (K-5)
Early Childhood Education (K-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Approved out of state teacher preparation program

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Options:

  1. minimum 6 credit hours literacy instruction for certificates with elementary grade level authorization
  2. minimum 3 credit hours literacy instruction for certificates with secondary or pK-12 grade level authorization

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation:

Michigan - Teacher Certification Code (R 390.1101 - 390.1216)

State Board:

Michigan Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: An endorsement can be added to a Michigan teacher certificate by one of the following paths:

  1. Completing a state-approved endorsement program
  2. Complete another state's approved endorsement program and hold the endorsement on a valid, standard, out of state teaching certificate
  3. Successfully teach in another state within the endorsement area for a minimum 3 years since adding the endorsement to the out-of-state certificateTeachers who have completed out of state endorsement programs will be evaluated by the Office of Educator Excellence; applicants must satisfy all the requirements for the endorsement and pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification.

Adding an Endorsement to a Michigan Certificate

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: A teacher is authorized to teach at specific grade levels based on completion of an appropriate program, passing the appropriate state teacher discipline area examination, and holding the endorsement on a valid, standard out of state teaching certificate

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Minnesota

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: One Year Restricted License:
Early Childhood Education (birth-3)
Elementary Education (K-6)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited institution

Examination(s): Passing scores on the board-approved pedagogy and content examinations aligned to the licensure area sought

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Completion of board approved teacher preparation program in alignment with target licensure area

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation: Minnesota Administrative Rules, Teacher and Other School Professional Licensing

State Board: Minnesota Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants can apply for a Tier 3 license with a master's degree in the appropriate content area and two of the following:

  1. Completed a teacher preparation program
  2. 8 upper-division credits in subject area
  3. Training in subject-specific teaching methods
  4. Passing scores on State tests in subject area
  5. 2 or more years of experience teaching in subject area

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Mississippi

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: 2-or 5-Year Reciprocity License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early/Primary (preK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. State approved
  2. National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)/Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) accredited teacher preparation program from a regionally accredited institution of higher education

Examination(s):

  1. Praxis Subject Assessment
  2. Praxis: Principles ofLearning and Teaching (PLT)
  3. Basic Skills Competency Exams

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. 3 semester hours in target content area
  2. 5 continuing education units in target content area
  3. Completion of National Board for Professional Teaching Standards process

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Mississippi Department of Education Guidelines for Mississippi Educator Licensure K-12

State Board:

Mississippi Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants may add an endorsement to their license by demonstration of coursework in the subject area, completion of an approved program, obtaining qualifying scores on the Praxis Subject Assessment, or a combination of the aforementioned. Applicants must have completed a teacher education program in Special Education with student teaching in a Special Education classroom.

Mississippi - How to Add an Endorsement to Your License

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Missouri

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Traditional or Out-of-State License:
Elementary (1-6)
Early Childhood Education (Birth-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited college or university

Examination(s): Passing scores on the board-approved pedagogy and content examinations aligned to the licensure area sought

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Completion of board approved teacher preparation program in alignment with target licensure area

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation: Missouri Rules of Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

State Board: Missouri Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: There does appear to be a pathway for educators to add new types of additional areas of certification to their Missouri credential, but it is not explicitly stated what that pathway entails.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: The applicant may take the appropriate content knowledge or specialty area exit assessment(s) for certification and must achieve a score equal to or in excess of the qualifying score on the content knowledge or specialty area exit assessment(s)

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Montana

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Class 2 Standard, or Class 5 Provisional License:
Elementary (K-8)
Early Childhood (age 3 - grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. Completion of an educator prep program accredited by National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP), Montessori Accreditation Council for Teacher Education (MACTE)
  2. State approved program from a regionally accredited college/university

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Montana Endorsement Requirements: 10.57.412, #2

Field Experience Requirements: Supervised Student Teaching Experience

State Regulation: Montana Secretary of State Class 2 Standard Teacher's License

State Board: Montana Office of Public Instruction

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: To add a teaching endorsement, Montana requires that applicants have completed a teaching program in the endorsement area they are applying for. The applicant's college or university must verify that they have completed the requirements for program completion

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

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Nebraska

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Early Childhood Education (Birth-2)
Elementary (K-8)

Accreditation Requirements: State approved or accredited educator preparation at a institution of higher education

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. Completion of Human Relations Training requirement
  2. Completion of Special Education Training Program

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hoursPracticum experience consists of a minimum of one hundred (100) clock hours of contact with students

State Regulation: Nebraska Department of Education Regulations for the Issuance of Certificates and Permits to Teach

State Board: Nebraska Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Nebraska has a pathway for applicants to add endorsements to a regular Nebraska certificate. To apply for the full endorsement (as opposed to a provisional one) the applicant's university must provide an institutional verification form to show that the approved program was completed. The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether an additional grade range can be added to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants may test into specialties or endorsements via a content test. Nebraska does not recognize certificates or endorsement earned through testing alone. To add a full endorsement, applicants must provide an institutional verification form from the certification officer at their education institution.

Adding Endorsements (Areas of Specialization)

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Nevada

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Provisional or Standard License:
Elementary (K-8)
Early Childhood (Birth - Age 8/Grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Principles and methods of teaching assessment
  3. The subject matter exam(s) of the initial area of endorsement .

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Nevada - Early Childhood Education

Nevada - Elementary Education

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Full time supervised student teaching of at least 8 semester credit hours.

State Regulation:

Nevada Educator License

State Board:

Nevada Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The program is potentially missing curriculum elements required by the state.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: To add an endorsement or area of licensure to an existing Nevada educator license, applicants must provide:

  1. Proof of completion of all academic requirements for licensure in the specified area(s) in the form of original transcripts
  2. Competency testing score reports.

Nevada - Information on Adding Additional Endorsements

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Nevada - Special Licenses/Endorsements, Various Grade Levels

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New Hampshire

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Beginner Educator Certificate:
Early Childhood Education (N-3)
Elementary Education (K-6)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. Board approved educator preparation program in New Hampshire
  2. Program in another state with NH National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC) agreement

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Assessment
  2. 3 Praxis Core Exams
  3. Pearson or Educational Testing Service (ETS) Subject Assessment

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Content knowledge:

  1. An understanding of the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structure of his or her discipline(s); and
  2. An ability to create learning experiences that make the discipline(s) accessible and meaningful for learners;

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation: State of New Hampshire Department of Education Bureau of Credentialing

State Board: New Hampshire Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: The state has not provided guidance as to the method of adding endorsements to a license.

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: New Hampshire - NH Education Credentialing Endorsement List

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New Jersey

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Certificate of Eligibility:
Elementary (K-6)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. Regionally accredited college or university. Compliance with State Professional Standards for Teachers and Professional Standards for School Leaders; accreditation through National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), Teacher Education Accreditation Council(TEAC), Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP).
  2. Any other profession education accreditation body recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) or approved by the Commissioner

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Requirement: Praxis Core Academic Skills
  2. Praxis II Content Knowledge Exam: Middle/Secondary Education, Various Subjects

Certification(s): Physiology/Hygiene requirement: in the absence of basic military training or a health/biology/nutrition course, this requirement can be satisfied by completing a 35 question test from the county Office of Education

Curriculum Requirements:

Preschool - Grade 3 CEAS Requirements
Elementary K-6 CEAS Requirements

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation: New Jersey Administrative Code- Title 6A. Education

State Board: New Jersey State Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason:

  1. Candidates who hold an out of state certificate may apply via reciprocity for a Certificate of Eligibility with Advanced Standing. Those who have not completed a teacher preparation program but have met basic requirements can receive a Certificate of Eligibility.
  2. While New Jersey is reciprocity-friendly, the state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: New Jersey does not offer Special Education endorsement as a standalone certificate. Applicants must hold a Certificate of Eligibility with Advanced Standing (CEAS) or standard New Jersey Instructional Certification with an endorsement appropriate to the subject or grade level to be taught.

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply or Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: New Jersey - Certificate Subject Area/Grade Level and Codes

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New Mexico

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Elementary (K-8)
Early Childhood (birth - preK)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited college or university

Examination(s): Essential Academic Skills (Subtests I, II, and III);
Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Elementary;
Elementary Education (Subtests I and II);
Essential Components of Elementary Reading Instruction

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. Minimum 24 credit hours in target teaching field
  2. 12 credit hours must be earned at upper division

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement.

State Regulation:

New Mexico Public Education Department Licensure Requirements

State Board:

New Mexico Public Education Department

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: There is a discrepancy in the grade ranges offered by New Mexico compared to what this program offers. Additionally, the state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: An applicant licensed in early childhood, elementary, or special education is authorized to teach in a self-contained classroom with no additional endorsement. Such an applicant is also authorized to teach in later grades in core-subject areas without a separate endorsement, as long as the elementary school is departmentalized in those grades.

New Mexico - Endorsements: How to Add to a License

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

New Mexico - Endorsements: How to Add to a License

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New York

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Childhood (1-6)
Early Childhood (birth-grade 2)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Teacher performance assessment.
  2. Content specialty test
  3. Multiple measures review process for the Educative Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA)

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. General Core (liberal arts, science) coursework
  2. Content Core (math, English) coursework
  3. Pedagogical Core (teacher education) coursework

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation: New York State Certification Requirements

State Board: New York State Education Department

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: Meets State Requirements

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply (University's Home State)

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North Carolina

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Professional Educators Initial License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood (Birth - K)

Accreditation Requirements: State approved education program at a nationally accredited college or university

Examination(s):

  1. Praxis II Content Exams
  2. Pearson Testing for North Carolina

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Completion of board approved or Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) accredited teacher preparation program in alignment with target subject area

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation: North Carolina Administrative Code Title 16: Education, Chapter 6: Elementary and Secondary Education

State Board: North Carolina Department of Public Instruction

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: North Carolina allows the addition of content areas to licenses by passing the appropriate Praxis II or Pearson test, completing a teacher education program in that area, or completing 24 credit hours in the content area. The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether a grade range can be added to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants holding a clear teaching license with no restrictions can add an area to their license by taking and passing the State Board of Education approved subject matter tests, completing a state approved teacher education program that leads to licensure, or by completing 24 hours in the subject area with a C or better. Out of state individuals who are approved for a North Carolina teaching license in the primary area of certification may also be granted a North Carolina teaching license in any content area that was subsequently added to the initial license by passing a licensure exam in another state, provided that North Carolina has a comparable license area.

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: North Carolina - Areas of Licensure

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North Dakota

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Out-of-State Reciprocal, Probationary, or Initial License:
Elementary (1-8)
Early Childhood (birth - grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Board approved educator preparation program

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Requirement: Praxis Core Academic Skills
  2. Praxis II Content Knowledge Exam: Middle/Secondary Education, Various Subjects

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Completion of a professional education sequence from a state-approved teacher education program, including supervised student teaching

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

North Dakota Educator License Information

State Board:

North Dakota Education Standards and Practice Board

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: An applicant is required to complete an approved program, including student teaching, hold a license in another state, and meet all testing requirements to be eligible for licensure.

North Dakota - Adding an Endorsement

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

North Dakota - License Code Manual

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Ohio

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Resident Educator License:
pK-3 with 4/5 Endorsement

Accreditation Requirements: Approved teacher preparation program through an accredited college/university

Examination(s):

  1. Ohio Assessments for Educators (OAE)
  2. Praxis II Content Exams

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Completion of 12 credit hours in teaching reading (9 credit hours teaching reading, 3 credit hours teaching phonics)

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Ohio Laws and Rules: Chapter 3301-23 Certification

State Board:

Ohio Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Ohio requires passing scores for both content area and pedagogy or knowledge exams for licensure. Applicants must have passed these tests in the university's home state to apply via reciprocity An applicant with an existing teaching license who is qualified to apply for another license should use a new credential application to request approval for the additional license. A licensed teacher who has met the requirements for a new teaching field or endorsement may apply for additional licensure through the Ohio license application system.

Ohio - Adding Grade Levels and Endorsements FAQ

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Ohio - Licensure Type and Teaching Field Codes

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Oklahoma

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Provisional License:
Elementary (1-8)
Early Childhood (preK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Accredited institution of higher education with an approved teacher education program.

Examination(s):

Oklahoma - Competency Exam Requirements by Certification Areas

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Complete 30 semester hours or more of content course work taken at an institution of higher education in the certification area

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Oklahoma - Office of Administrative Rules > View Code > Title 210 State Department of Education > Chapter 20 Staff > Subchapter 9 Professional Standards: Teacher Education & Certification

State Board:

Oklahoma State Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Applicants must complete a full university program, receive a recommendation from the certification officer at the university, and pass the appropriate subject-area exam, however, the state does not provide specific guidance surrounding adding a grade level as endorsement to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants must complete a full university program, receive a recommendation from the certification officer at the university, and pass the appropriate subject-area test to add subject areas and endorsements to their license.

Oklahoma - Updates and Enhancements to Teacher Credential Areas

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Oregon

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Limited, Preliminary, or Reciprocal License,
Elementary Education:
Multiple Subjects,
Early Childhood Education Specialization

Accreditation Requirements: Approved, out of state teacher preparation program

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Exam
  2. Oregon-approved subject matter test (may be waived via reciprocity)
  3. Protecting Student and Civil Rights in the Educational Environment exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: None

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of a minimum of 15 total weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation: Oregon Teacher Standards and Practices Commission: Chapter 584, Division 420: State Standards for Licensure

State Board: Oregon Teacher Standards and Practices Commission

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Oregon requires that applicants who were educated out of state obtain a license from the university's home state before applying for a reciprocal license. Out of state applicants who have passed the Pearson National Evaluation Series (NES) or Praxis Educational Testing Service (ETS) subject matter tests for endorsement areas may be able to use those test results for Oregon endorsements, pending evaluation.

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Pennsylvania

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: Level I Initial Certification:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood Education (pre-K-grade 4)

Accreditation Requirements: Approved preparation program

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Pennsylvania Program Guidelines

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation: Pennsylvania Code: Title 22 Education, Chapter 49 Certification of Professional Personnel

State Board: Pennsylvania Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Qualifying scores on examinations taken in other states may be acceptable for Pennsylvania certification if the test has the same name and code required by Pennsylvania

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information: Pennsylvania - Approved Certification Programs (Lists all endorsement areas alongside educator preparation institutions)

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Rhode Island

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Preliminary or Temporary Initial License:
Early Childhood Education (preK-2)
Elementary License (grades 1-6)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Pedagogy Testing
  2. Content Testing
  3. Knowledge of Field Testing
  4. English Language Competency

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Rhode Island - Certification Requirements & Applications

Field Experience Requirements: Field Experience: 60 hours prior to student teaching Student Teaching: 12 weeks of student teaching

State Regulation:

Rhode Island Certification Regulations 2019 > Regulations > PDF Document: Title 200, Chapter 20, Subchapter 20, Part 1

State Board:

Rhode Island Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Individuals applying via the reciprocity pathway may use their current, valid out of state credentials to apply for Rhode Island licensure. All individuals should review the testing requirements prior to submitting their application.

Rhode Island - Certification Endorsement

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Rhode Island - Certification Requirements and Applications

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South Carolina

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Elementary (2-6)
Early Childhood Education (pK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: State-approved teacher education program and is accredited for general collegiate purposes by a regional accreditation association

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

South Carolina - Early Childhood Education and Elementary Education, pages 10-11

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Code of Laws of South Carolina: Certification Requirements

State Board:

South Carolina Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants may submit their home state test scores in conjunction with their out of state application for a reciprocal license to add a teaching field, An educator may add a classroom teaching field to a current, valid, Initial of Professional teaching certificate by successful completion of a state-approved preparation program in a new field. An educator may add designated certification fields to a current, valid Professional certificate only by presenting a qualifying score on the subject area assessment adopted for certification purposes in the area by the State Board of Education.

South Carolina - Guidelines and Requirements for Adding Certification Fields and Endorsements

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

South Carolina - Eligible Certification Fields (pg. 5)

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South Dakota

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Provisional License:
Early Childhood Education (pK-3)
Elementary Education (K-6)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited institution of higher education

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. 3 credit South Dakota Indian Studies
  2. 1 clock hour suicide awareness and prevention training

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 10 weeks of placement..

State Regulation:

South Dakota Teaching Certificate Requirements

State Board:

South Dakota Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: South Dakota indicates whether or not an applicant may add an endorsement via testing or coursework for both Early Childhood Education and Elementary Education. However, it also states that while an educator must request for an endorsement to be added to a certificate that it will not automatically be added after completing the requirements. The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants may use an out of state license to apply via reciprocity, however additional requirements may apply. An educator must request that an endorsement be added to a certificate. In order to add endorsements to a certificate, the applicant must have passed the designated subject exam and be able to demonstrate the appropriate background coursework, but the endorsement will not be added automatically.

South Dakota - Endorsement Requirements

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

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Tennessee

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Practitioner License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood Education (preK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited and approved for licensure

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: minimum 24 credit hours in target subject teaching area

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Tennessee Rules of the State Board of Education- Educator Licensure General Information and Regulations

State Board:

Tennessee Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: An educator who holds a valid Tennessee educator license may add additional endorsements or teaching areas to the license by completing required Praxis exams and/or additional coursework, depending on the endorsement. Out of State (OOS) applicants must submit an OOS verification of completion form. The state does not provide definitive guidance as to whether multiple grade ranges can exist on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: An educator who holds a valid Tennessee educator license may add additional endorsements or teaching areas to the license. Endorsements may be added by completing the required Praxis exam(s) for the new endorsement and may require the completion of additional coursework, depending on which endorsements an educator holds and the endorsement the educator is seeking. Tennessee districts and schools may also exercise limited flexibility for educators holding endorsements for some grade levels and wishing to teach a single higher or lower grade.

Tennessee - Licensed Educators > Add and Endorsement or Degree > Academic Teacher

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Tennessee - Educator Licensure & Preparation Operating Procedures

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Texas

What is Issued: Certification

Name of Credential: One-year Certificate:
Elementary (Early Childhood-6)
Early Childhood Education (pK-K)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited or state approved institution

Examination(s):

  1. Praxis Core Series Exams.
  2. Praxis II Subject Assessments

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Texas State Board of Education Curriculum Requirements (Various Subjects)

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Texas Education Agency Professional Educator Preparation and Certification

State Board:

Texas Education Agency

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Texas states that if an applicant holds a valid TX classroom teaching certificate and a bachelor's degree, classroom certification areas may be added by completing the appropriate exam. This option is not available for initial certification, so out of state applicants may need to wait until they've gotten a full professional license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: If an individual was required to take tests to obtain the certificates submitted for credential review, that individual may also submit additional documentation for possible exemption of Texas tests. Test scores will not be considered without a review of credentials. If an individual holds a valid Texas classroom teaching certificate and a bachelor's degree, they may add certification areas by completing the appropriate exams.

Texas - Additional Certification by Exam

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Texas - Out-of-State Certified Educators

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Utah

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Levels 1-3 or Out-of-State (OOS) License:
Elementary (K-6, 1-6)
Early Childhood Education (K-3)

Accreditation Requirements: Options:

  1. Nationally accredited program by Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP), National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) or Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC)
  2. Regionally accredited

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: State accepts requirements set by program

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation:

Utah Office of Administrative Rules- Education, Administration

State Board:

Utah Board of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Students may add more subject areas to their license, but they must already have a current Utah educator license or include the proper forms with their application packet. Early Childhood Education and Childhood Education are not considered endorsement areas, and therefore, individuals may not be able to carry both areas on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: To be eligible for an endorsement area, an applicant must already have a current Utah Educator License, or include form(s) with their Out of State license application packet. The endorsement applications are also used to submit for a State Approved Endorsement Plan (SAEP). The SAEP is a two-year plan to allow an educator to earn an endorsement while teaching in the area. To be eligible, an educator must:

  1. Have a standard, current Utah Educator license
  2. Document completion of at least 9 credits towards completion of the endorsement
  3. Assignment posted in Comprehensive Administration of Credentials for Teachers in Utah Schools for appropriate endorsement area by employing Local Education Agency
  4. Submit the appropriate Endorsement Application and transcripts, indicating it is for an SAEP.

Utah - Educator Endorsements > State Approved Endorsement Plan (SAEP)

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Utah - Educator Endorsements > Endorsement Applications

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Vermont

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial, Provisional, Temporary, or Out-of-State License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood Education (birth - grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited or state approved institution.

Examination(s):

  1. Praxis Core Series Exams
  2. Praxis II Subject Assessments

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Minimum of 18 credit hours or as specified by the endorsement

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Full-time student teaching representing at least 12 semester credit hours

State Regulation:

Vermont Manual of Rules & Practices: Series 5000 - Licensing of Educators and the Preparation of Educational Professionals (see PDF)

State Board:

State of Vermont Agency of Education

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: Vermont does not currently have educator reciprocity with the state of New York. Educators who hold a current New York license must apply for initial license through transcript review. The state does not provide guidance as to whether an individual can carry multiple grade ranges on a single license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Applicants may apply for only one endorsement per application, and must hold a current Level I or Level II license in the state of Vermont. They must apply for the transcript review process to add an additional endorsement or expand their instructional level or content area.

Vermont - Transcript Review - Adding an Additional Endorsement

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Vermont Approved Educator Endorsement Codes

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Virginia

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Provisional License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early/Primary (pK-3)

Accreditation Requirements: State approved, regionally accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Academic Skills Assessment- Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA)
  2. Content Assessment- Praxis Subject Assessments
  3. Praxis Series Reading for Virginia Educators (RVE): Elementary and Special Education (5306)

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

  1. English (shall include composition, oral communication, and literature): 12 semester hours;
  2. Mathematics (shall include algebra, geometry, probability and statistics, and teaching elementary mathematics): 15 semester hours;
  3. Laboratory sciences: 15 semester hours in at least three science disciplines and at least a three credit science methods course;
  4. History (shall include American history and world history): 6 semester hours, and Social Science (shall include geography and economics): 6 semester hours;
  5. Arts: 3 semester hours.

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution.

State Regulation:

Virginia Law Administrative Code- State Board of Education Licensure Regulations for School Personnel

State Board:

Virginia Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: Does Not Meet Requirements

Federal Disclosure Reason: An individual who holds an active teaching license may add an additional teaching endorsement to the license by passing a subject test prescribed by the Board of Education. However, this testing option does not apply to individuals who are seeking an early or primary preK-3 or elementary education preK-6 endorsement. Individuals seeking licensure with endorsements in early or primary education, elementary education, and middle education may meet requirements through the completion of an approved program, or if employed by a Virginia public or accredited nonpublic school, through the alternate route to licensure. Elementary Subject tests are required for licensure, but cannot be used to add an Early or Primary preK-3 or Elementary Education preK-6 endorsement by testing.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Individuals seeking license with endorsements in early or primary education, elementary education, and middle education may meet requirements through the completion of an approved program, or if employed by a Virginia public or accredited nonpublic school, through the alternate route to licensure.

Virginia - Early, Primary Education, Elementary Education, and Middle Education Endorsements (Regulation)

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Assessment Requirements for Virginia Licensure (lists all available endorsements)

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Washington

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Residency Teacher License:
Elementary Education (K-6)
Early Childhood Education

Accreditation Requirements: State approved educator preparation program from an accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Basic Skills Competency Exam
  2. Appropriate Content Area Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: Complete 30 semester hours or more of content course work taken at an institution of higher education in the certification area

Field Experience Requirements:

  1. Placement of 10 weeks required
  2. Clinical practice of at least 450 hours in classroom settings

State Regulation:

Washington State Legislature: Standards for Teacher, Administrator, and Educational Staff Associate Certification

State Board:

Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction

Federal Disclosure: Meets State Requirements

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Washington does allow for certain endorsements to be added to a certificate through testing only. Some endorsements will require background coursework in addition to testing.

Washington - Adding an Endorsement

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Washington - Adding an Endorsement > Test ONLY and Program + Test tabs

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West Virginia

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial Teacher License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood

Accreditation Requirements: Regionally accredited institution of higher education

Examination(s):

  1. Pre-professional Skills Test - Core Academic Skills Test
  2. Content Specialization(s)- Praxis II Content Specialization
  3. Professional Education- Principles of Learning and Teaching

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: 21 Semester Hours of coursework in single content area

Field Experience Requirements: The state defers to the field experience requirements set by the institution. Students must complete at least 12 weeks of placement.

State Regulation: West Virginia Secretary of State Administrative Law Division Minimum Requirements for the Licensure of Professional Personnel

State Board: West Virginia Department of Education

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: The state does not provide guidance as to whether an individual can add a grade range to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Reciprocity possible for applicants holding a valid, Out-of-State License. May require applicants to submit comparable exam scores.

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

Additional Important Information: Approved Programs Leading to Educator Licensure (Lists endorsements alongside West Virginia Approved Programs)

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Wisconsin

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: License based on Reciprocity or
Provisional License:
Elementary and Middle School (K-9)
Early Childhood, Regular Education (pK-grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: State-approved educator preparation program at an accredited institution

Examination(s):

  1. Testing requirements for school's state
  2. Educative Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA) or state test
  3. Foundations of Reading Test
  4. Content Test (state test acceptable)

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements:

Wisconsin - PI 34.044: Early Childhood

Field Experience Requirements:

Wisconsin - PI 34.023: Clinical Program

State Regulation:

Wisconsin State Legislature Statute 118.19- Teacher Certificates and Licenses

State Board:

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: Applicants seeking licensure in Wisconsin should apply for the Provisional license through the out of state pathway outlined on the website. If applicants obtain Wisconsin's License based on reciprocity, they will be unable to add additional license areas through the License Based on Content Test pathway, or be able to add supplementary teaching licenses. It also does not lead to lifetime licensure. The state does not address whether Early Childhood Education or Childhood Education can be added to a single license as endorsements.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Wisconsin has an established out of state pathway for those applicants that hold an out of state license, and those that would apply directly. Educators cannot add additional license areas through the License Based on Content Test pathway. Instead, applicants should use the Out of State Pathway to apply for a Provisional license to add grade levels and subject areas to their Wisconsin license.

Wisconsin - Adding a Grade Level to a Teacher License

Suggested Application Method: Direct Apply

Additional Important Information:

Wisconsin - Out of State Pathway

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Wyoming

What is Issued: License

Name of Credential: Initial License:
Elementary (K-6)
Early Childhood (Birth - Age 8/Grade 3)

Accreditation Requirements: Approved, regionally or nationally accredited teacher preparation program

Examination(s):

  1. Testing requirements for school's state
  2. Wyoming Praxis II Content Knowledge Exam

Certification(s): None

Curriculum Requirements: US & WY Constitution coursework or exam

Field Experience Requirements: Supervised educator experience, through an approved educator
preparation program, at the grade level(s) and in the content or specialization area(s)
appropriate to the applicant’s educational preparation and training.

State Regulation:

Wyoming Professional Teaching Standards Board- General Regulations

State Board:

Wyoming Professional Teaching Standards Board

Federal Disclosure: No Determination Can Be Made

Federal Disclosure Reason: While Wyoming does not allow endorsement addition by exam alone, applicants may add an area by having institutional recommendation and by demonstrating applicable coursework. The state does not provide definitive guidance as to the method and requirements of adding Early Childhood Education nor Childhood Education to an existing license.

Adding a Field or Endorsement to a Credential: Wyoming does not allow applicants to add an endorsement solely by taking an exam. Wyoming generally recognizes all out of state teaching licenses if the standards the applicant met in their state are equivalent to Wyoming licensing standards. Equivalent standards include:

  1. Completion of a regionally or nationally accredited teacher education program
  2. Supervised student teaching
  3. Passing the required tests for the state in which a license is currently heldAdded endorsements are recognized in the same manner as described above.

Wyoming - Out-Of-State Applicants > Recognizing Out-of-State Licensure

Suggested Application Method: Reciprocity

Additional Important Information:

Wyoming - Professional Teaching Standards Board Endorsements by Grade/Age Level

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